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Get Informed

In this 30 minute video, Dr. Deanna Osmond, Ph.D. in Agronomy from Cornell University, and author of dozens of studies on soil nutrients, speaks at an Ohio State University conference, Sept. 8, 2021.  In her very understated way she explains why many of the "Best Management Practices" the Ohio EPA is using to draft TMDLs (total maximum daily loads) for Lake Erie are either ineffective or actually increase the Dissolved Reactive Phosphorus fueling the toxic algal blooms every summer.

Chris Winslow, director of the OSU's Sea Grant program, moderates the Q&A in which he says Best Management Practices should be called only "Management Practices" because of their ineffectiveness.

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Source: This Interactive CAFO Map is from a report done by the Environmental Working Group and the Environmental Law and Policy Center 

Informative Films

Peaceable Kingdom

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Can a change of heart change the world?

This award-winning documentary explores a crisis of conscience experienced by several farmers questioning their inherited way of life. Growing more and more connected to individual animals under their care, they struggle to do what is right, despite overwhelming social and economic pressure to follow tradition. Open your eyes. Trust your heart. Take the journey.

Mad Cowboy

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"I am a fourth-generation dairy farmer and cattle rancher. I grew up on a dairy farm in Montana, and I ran a feedlot operation there for twenty years. I know firsthand how cattle are raised and how meat is produced in this country. Today I am president of Earth Save International, an organization promoting organic farming and the vegetarian diet."

Farm to Fridge

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Mercy For Animals presents this powerful film which takes viewers on an eye-opening exploration behind the closed doors of the nation's largest industrial farms, hatcheries, and slaughter plants.

Cock Fight

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Meet the farmer blowing the whistle on Big Chicken.


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A 2005 American documentary film about humankind's total dependence on animals for economic purposes. Presented in five chapters (pets, food, clothing, entertainment and scientific research) the film is narrated by Joaquin Phoenix.

Meet Your Meat

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In a moving narration, actor and activist Alec Baldwin exposes the truth behind humanity’s cruelest invention―the factory farm. "What you are about to see is beyond your worst nightmare."

Death on a Factory Farm

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Death on a Factory "Farm" This HBO documentary follows an investigator with a hidden camera document charges of animal cruelty on a central Ohio hog farm.

Operation Fair Oaks Farms

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Fair Oaks Farm is the largest dairy in the United States and the nation’s largest agritourism destination. The farm has a joint venture with Coca-Cola Company. Undercover investigators for Animal Recovery Mission (ARM) documented systemic and illegal abuse at the facility in Fair Oaks, Indiana.

Food, Inc.

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The current method of raw food production is largely a response to the growth of the fast food industry since the 1950s, changing more since then than the several thousand years prior. Health and safety of the food, of the animals, of the workers, and of the consumers eating the food are often overlooked by the companies, and by government to provide cheap food regardless of negative consequences.

An Inside Look at Factory Farms

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‘Keeping people in the dark enables this industry to exist without scrutiny’ — Photographer Jo-Anne McArthur uses her camera to expose the real conditions inside factory farms.

In US news and current events today, this photographer is exposing the brutal realities of factory farm animals.

Photographer Jo-Anne McArthur made this film to expose the conditions of farm animals, heightened by the greedy meat industry. Here's what it's like for factory farm animals who are mass produced and then slaughtered.

"We're Cooked"

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Meet the People Getting Paid to Kill Our Planet

"We're Cooked"

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See the True Cost of Your Cheap Chicken

Effects of Microcystin on Human Health: 17 Research Papers

Review 17 compiled articles by Dr. Joan Duggan for her Yale Masters of Public Health capstone project.

Journal of Rural Studies: “No matter if you're a Democrat or a Republican or neither”: Pragmatic
politics in opposition to industrial animal production

Scholars call for unusual, visionary pathways forward to counter authoritarian control in situations of helplessness and inequality. Popular strategies for change in such contexts often call for large-scale state interventions achieved through party-line politics. This paper examines two groups that stopped the construction of industrial hog facilities in the United States and find that rural emancipation comes through direct action, with the state as a secondary, rather than primary, vehicle for change. Pragmatic rural politics predicated on immediate concerns and pathways for action underscore effective protest against corporate agribusinesses. Those involved pursue ends rooted in their shared commitment to a livable and prosperous rural future.

New and expanded ODA CAFO permits and animals 2014-18

Despite any problems, it's "Full speed ahead" for the Ohio Dept. of Agriculture.  Millions more confined animals since Toledo's water crisis in 2014.

Cover Crops Debunked

Kansas State Univ. research shows yet another of H2Ohio's taxpayer-funded "best management practices" actually makes things worse for Lake Erie.  Add it to buffer strips, grassed waterways and no-till as part of a package recommended by the Farm Bureau and passed by the legislature to reassure us "something" is being done.

Dr. Jeff Reutter's comments on Ohio EPA's draft of TMDL for Lake Erie

In less than two pages, the retired head of OSU's Sea Grant program calls out the OEPA for trying to rely on Phosphorus measurements universally understood to be outdated and antithetical to cleaning up Lake Erie -- but favorable to the Farm Bureau.

ELPC comments on Ohio EPA's draft of TMDL for Lake Erie

Describes the fatal flaws in OEPA's draft TMDLs.  Will the agency be able to adequately address them without upsetting the Farm Bureau?

ELPC comments to Ohio Ag Dept. on Continental Dairy expansion

ELPC argues that Continental must get the kind of permit that assumes it will discharge pollutants into the waters of Ohio, not the usual ODA rubber stamp that says "does not intend to discharge pollutants." 

Ohio Dept. of Ag response to ACLE's Public Records Request

One finding: just the cows in our watershed generate more waste than 1.1 million people!

Terrific Blade editorial: Recognizing the Rights of Nature

Includes Toledo's part in this international movement

Evaluating microcystin exposure risk through fish consumption

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Union of Concerned Scientists: "CAFOs Uncovered: The Untold Costs of Confined Animal Feeding Operations"

2008 report that still holds up.


Ohio officials say distressed watershed rules for Lake Erie have a track record of success at GLSM.  Read the report they point to and see if that's what you would call a success. 



OSU study states $26,000,000 spent by Ohio agencies in Grand Lake cleanup. See two previous posts for the lakes's condition after these expenditures.


After declaring the GLSM watershed "distressed" in 2010, here are the results of tests for Microcystis in the lake water used to supply the City of Celina.

Learn More: Films
Anchor 1

The Erie Situation explores the confluence of science, public sentiment, politics and the powerful farming lobby as Ohio wrestles with how to confront the drivers of toxic algae in Lake Erie. What’s at stake? Who’s at risk? The Erie Situation and our panel confront this growing crisis tonight.


For more information regarding the film, please visit:


Tune in to PBS WGTE on September 12th at 9:00pm to watch The Erie Situation.

The Erie Situation: Panel Discussion

Resources and Publications

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